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人教版九年级英语Unit6单词、课文知识梳理/词汇句式精讲

文章出处:宝博体育官网 人气:发表时间:2021-11-09 01:09
本文摘要:01 Unit6 单词梳理heel [hi:l] n. 鞋跟;足跟 scoop [sku:p] n. 勺;铲子 electricity [iˌlekˈtrisəti] n. 电;电能 style [stail] n. 样式;名目 project [prɒdʒekt] [prɑ:dʒekt] n. 项目;工程 pleasure [ˈpleʒə(r)] n. 兴奋;愉快 zipper [ˈzipə(r)] n. (= zip) 拉链;拉锁 daily [ˈdeili] adj.

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01 Unit6 单词梳理heel [hi:l] n. 鞋跟;足跟 scoop [sku:p] n. 勺;铲子 electricity [iˌlekˈtrisəti] n. 电;电能 style [stail] n. 样式;名目 project ['prɒdʒekt] ['prɑ:dʒekt] n. 项目;工程 pleasure [ˈpleʒə(r)] n. 兴奋;愉快 zipper [ˈzipə(r)] n. (= zip) 拉链;拉锁 daily [ˈdeili] adj. 逐日的;日常的 have a point 有原理 website [ˈwebsait] n. 网站 pioneer [ˌpaɪə'nɪə] [ˌpaɪə'nɪr] n. 先锋;先驱 list [list] v. 列表;列清单 n.名单;清单 mention [ˈmenʃn] v. 提到;说到 accidental [ˌæksɪˈdentl] adj. 偶然的;意外的.by accident 偶然;意外地 ruler [ˈru:lər] n. 统治者;支配者 boil [bɔil] v. 煮沸;烧开 remain [rɪˈmeɪn] v. 保持稳定;剩余 smell [smel] v.(smelt[]smelt,smelled[] smelled)发出……气味;闻到 saint[seint] n. 圣人;圣徒 national ['næʃnəl] adj. 民族的;国家的; trade[treɪd] n.商业;生意业务;v.做买卖;从事商业; take place 发生;泛起 popularity [pɒpjʊ'lærətɪ] n.受接待,普及, doubt [daut] n. 疑惑;疑问 v. 怀疑 without doubt 毫无疑问;简直 . fridge [fridʒ] n. 冰箱 . low [loʊ] adj. 低的;矮的 somebody ['sʌmbədi] pron.某人 n.重要人物 translate [trænsˈleit] v. 翻译 . lock [lɔk][la:k] v. 锁上;锁住 n.锁 ring [rɪŋ] v.(rang,rung)发出钟声或铃声;打电话 earthquake [ˈʒ:(r)θkweik] n. 地震 . udden [ˈsʌdən] adj. 突然(的). all of a sudden 突然; 猛地.bell [bel] n.钟(声);铃(声) biscuit [ˈbiskit] n. 饼干 . cookie[ˈkuki] n. 曲奇饼干 . musical [ˈmju:zɪkl] adj. 音乐的;有音乐天赋的 instrument [ˈinstrumənt] n. 器械;仪器;工具.crispy [ˈkrispi] adj. 脆的;酥脆的. salty [ˈsɔ:lti] adj. 咸的 sour [ˈsauə(r)] adj. 酸的;有酸味的 . mistake 错误地;无意中 customer [ˈkʌstəmə (r)] n. 主顾;客户 .the Olympics [əˈlimpiks] 奥林匹克运动会. Canadian [kəˈneidiən] adj. 加拿大的;加拿大人的 n.加拿大人 .divide [diˈvaid] v. 离开;疏散 .divide ...into 把……离开 . basket [ba:ski[] n. 篮;筐 .not only ...but also ...不光……而且…… look up to 钦佩;仰慕 hero [ˈhiərəu] n. 英雄;男主角 Professional [prəˈfeʃənl] adj.职业的;专业的 Berlin [bə:lin] 柏林(德国都会) . NBA (National Basketball Association) 国家篮球协会 (美国职业篮球联赛) . CBA (China Basketball Association) 中国篮球协会(中国职业篮球联赛) . Roy n. 罗伊(男子名) Whitcomb [ˈwitkəm] Judson [ˈdʒʌdsən]惠特科姆 • 贾德森 . Ruby [ˈru:bi] 鲁比(人名) Thomas [ˈtɔməs] Watson [ˈwɔtsən] 托马斯 • 沃森 George [dʒɔ:(r)dʒ] Crum [krʌm] 乔治 • 克拉姆 James[dʒeimz] Naismith[ˈnaismiθ]詹姆斯 • 奈史女士02 Unit6 知识梳理【重点短语】1.It's my pleasure.= My pleasure. 我的荣幸2.seem+to+动词原形 似乎做某事3.such a great invention 如此伟大的一项发现4.think of = think about 想到,思量5.in our daily lives 在我们的日常生活中6.in my daily life在我的日常生活中7.have a point 有原理8.by accident 偶然地,意外地9.over an open fire 在篝火上10.It is said that 听说11.It is believed that人们相信12.fall into(已往式fell into)=drop into掉进…13.in the 19th century 在19世纪14.spread to other countries 流传到其他国家15.at a low price 以很低的价钱16.bring(brought) sth. to sp.把某物带到某处17.all of a sudden 突然地18.less than少于,不到more than = over 凌驾19.without doubt 毫无疑问20.at that time 在那时21.advise sb (not) to do sth建议某人(不要)做某事22.start doing sth 开始做某事23.work on sth 致力于某事24.(be) similar to 与……相似25.the Olympics 奥运会26.by mistake 错误地,无意地27.make a mistake 犯错28.divide ...into…把…分成…29.in the end = at last = finally 最后30.at the same time 同时【重点句型】1.give sth. to sb. I gave a pen to him. 我给他一支笔。2.give sb. sth.I gave him a pen. 我给他一支笔。3. make sb./sth+形容词:使…怎么样It made me happy. 它使我兴奋4.make sb./sth+名词:让…...做…...It made me laugh. 它让我发笑。

5. not…until… 直到…才…I didn't go to bed until I finished my work.我直到完成我的事情才去睡觉。03 词汇精讲1. invent(1)invent 作动词,意为“发现;缔造”。例如: Edison invented the light bulb. 爱迪生发现了电灯。

(2)invent还可以表现“虚构”。例如: The whole story was invented. 整个故事是虚构的。(3) invent的名词形式有两个,一个是inventor(发现者;发现家),另一个是invention(发现物)。

例如: Edison is a great inventor in history. 爱迪生是历史上伟大的发现家。Human history is also a history of great inventions. 人类的历史也是一个伟大发现的历史。【拓展】invent和discover辨析(1)invent 意为“发现,发现之物”指“从无到有”。

例如: Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876. 亚历山大·格雷厄姆·贝尔在1876年发现了电话。(2)discover 意为“发现”,指“原来就已经存在,但不为人知”的事物。

例如: Columbus discovered America in 1492. 哥伦布在1492年发现了美洲。2. for examplefor example意为“例如”,强调“举例”说明,而且一般只举同类人或物中的一个作为插入语,且用逗号离隔。for example可置于句首、句中或句末。

例如: There are many kinds of pollution, for example, noise is a kind of pollution. 有许多种污染方式,例如噪音就是一种污染。Many students like playing computer games,for example,Mike. 许多学生喜欢玩电脑游戏,好比迈克。【拓展】 such as意为“例如”,用来“枚举”同类人或物中的几个例子,可置于被枚举的事物与前面的名词之间,但such as后边不能用逗号。例如: Many of the English programs are welcome, such as Follow Me, Follow Me to Science. 其中有许多英语节目很受接待,例如《跟我学》《跟我学科学》。

English is spoken in many countries, such asAustralia,Canadaand so on. 许多国家说英语,如澳大利亚和加拿大等。3. popular(1) popular作形容词,意为“盛行的,受人接待的”。常用短语为be popular with,意为“受……的接待。

例如: The most popular sport is football. 最盛行的运动是足球。He is popular with our classmates. 他在我们班里有人缘。(2)popular作形容词,意为“民众的;公共的”。例如: Popular education is one of our major objectives. 民众教育是我们的主要目的之一。

He speaks in popular language. 他用通俗的语言讲话。【拓展】popularity作名词,意为“普及,盛行;普通化”。例如: Golf has gained popularity among the wealthy in my country. 高尔夫球已在我国富有的人中盛行起来。The popularity of private cars is changing the people’s life style. 私家车的普及正在改变着人们的生活方式。

4. remain(1)remain用作不及物动词,意为“剩下、留下、呆在”,相当于stay。例如: When the others had gone, Joan remained (=stayed) to clean the room. 别人走了,琼留下来清扫房间。Only a few leaves remained (=were still) on the tree. 树上只剩下几片叶子了。The Smiths remained there all through the year. 史女士一家人在那里呆了整整一年。

The soldiers were ordered to remain where they were. 士兵们接到下令呆在原地。(2)remain作连系动词,意为“一直保持,仍然处于某种状态中”。例如: Peter became a manager but John remained a worker. 彼恰当上了司理,但约翰仍然是一个工人。

Whatever great progress you have made, you should remain modest. 无论你取得了何等大的进步,你都应一直保持谦虚。The shop remains open until 11 at night. 这个商店一直营业到晚上十一点。

Whether it will be good to us remains to be seen. 这是否对我们有利益,另有待视察。5. smellsmell作名词,表现“气味”。smell作连系动词,意为“闻、嗅”,后面常用形容词作表语。例如: What’s the pleasant smell? 香味是什么? The dumplings smell nice. 这些水饺闻起来很好。

【拓展】  (1)look,sound,smell,taste,feel这五个动词都与人的感受有关,可称之为“感官”动词。这五个动词均可作连系动词,后面接形容词作表语,说明主语所处的状态。

其意思划分为“看/听/闻/尝/摸起来……”。除look之外,其它几个动词的主语往往是物,而不是人。例如: The old man looks very happy. 谁人老人看起来很幸福。

These flowers smell very sweet. 这些花闻起来很香。The tomatoes feel very soft. 这些西红柿摸起来很软。(2)look,sound,smell,taste,feel这些动词后面也可接介词like短语,like后面常用名词。

例如: Her idea sounds like fun. 她的主意听起来很有趣。6.take placetake place常用于历史事件或集会的发生,以及化学、物理变化,有事先预料或计划的意思,即“计划发生”。

例如: The party took place yesterday evening. 昨晚举行了晚会。Great changes have taken place in our hometown during the past ten years. 我们家乡在已往的十年里发生了庞大的变化。【拓展】 happen指详细客观事物的发生,常有偶然性,未能预见性,即“偶然发生”。

happen和take place均为不及物动词,无被动语态。(1) 表现“某地/某时发生了什么事”,常用“sth. + happened + 时间/所在”这一结构,此时主语应该是物。例如: The story happened in 2008. 这个故事发生在2008年。An accident happened in that street. 那条街上发生了一起事故。

(2) 表现“某人出了某事(常指欠好的事)”要用“sth. + happened + to sb.”这一结构。例如: A car accident happened to her this morning. 今天上午她出了车祸。

What happened to you? 你怎么啦?(3) 表现“某人碰巧做某事”要用“sb. + happened + to do sth.”这一结构。例如: I happened to meet a friend of mine in the street yesterday. 昨天我碰巧在街上遇到了我的一个朋侪。

7.boilboil作动词,意为“使……煮沸,使……烧开”。例如: I stood in the kitchen, waiting for the water to boil. 我站在厨房,等着水烧开。【拓展】 (1) boiling作形容词,表现 “炎热的; 沸腾的”。例如: When everybody else is boiling hot, I’m freezing! 当其他所有人都酷热难耐时,我却冻得够呛! Placing an egg into a huge pan full of boiling water isn’t easy either. 把蛋丢进一口装满开水大锅也不是容易的事。

(2)boiled作形容词,表现“煮过的;煮熟的”。例如: I’d like to drink a glass of cool boiled water. 我想喝一杯凉开水。8. achieve( 1)achieve作及物动词,意为“完成,实现”。

例如: You will never achieve anything if you spend your time that way. 你若总是这样消磨时间,就永远不会有所成就。Everybody should be given the chance to achieve their aims. 要让每小我私家都有时机实现自己的目的。No one can achieve anything without effort. 谁也不行能不努力而有所作为。(2)achieve作及物动词,意为“到达,赢得”。

例如: The actor achieved fame when he was only nineteen. 那位演员十九岁时就成名了。She achieved no success. 她没有获得乐成。

【拓展】achievement作名词,意为“成就,结果”。例如: The invention of the computer is a great achievement. 发现电脑是一大成就。9. pleasurepleasure作名词,指“愉快的事,兴趣”。

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It’s a pleasure to meet you. 见到你很快乐。It’s my pleasure. 不客套(接受致谢时回覆)。【拓展】(1) pleased作形容词,指外物作用于感官,使人感应“兴奋、满足”,常见的结构为:be pleased+不定式或从句, be pleased with, be pleased at (about)。例如: I’m very pleased with the performance. 我很满足这次演出。

We’re pleased about (at) your success. 对于你的乐成我们很满足。I’m quite pleased that she has got such a good chance. 我很兴奋她获得这样一个好的时机。(2) pleasant作形容词,意为“令人愉快的,讨人喜欢的”。例如: They spent a very pleasant afternoon in the hills. 他们在山上渡过一个令人舒心的下午。

Spring weather is pleasant. 春天的天气让人心旷神怡。04 句式精讲1. When was it invented?…was invented …句意为“某物被发现……”,是被动句式。

例如: The abacus was invented in the sixteenth century by the Chinese. 算盘在十六世纪由中国人发现的。Who was the light bulb invented by?灯泡是由谁发现的?【拓展】被动语态的结构是:主语+be done(及物动词的已往分词),be是随人称和时态变化而变化的。(1)一般现在时的被动语态:am/ is/ are done 例如: The blackboard is cleaned by the students every class. 黑板每节课都被学生擦洁净。

(2)一般已往时的被动语态:was/ were done 例如: The computer was invented last century. 电脑是上个世纪被发现的。(3)一般未来时的被动语态:shall/will be done 例如: A new school will be built in our village next year. 明年一所新的学校将在我们乡村建设。

(4)现在举行时的被动语态:am/is/are being done 例如: A sports meeting is being held in our school now. 运动会正在我们学校举行。(5)现在完成时的被动语态:have/has been done 例如: All of the work has been finished since I came here. 自从我来这里以来,所有的事情都已经完成。

(6)含有情态动词的被动语态:can/may/must/should be done 例如: Your homework must be handed in after school. 你们的家庭作业必须在放学后交上。(7)复合宾语的被动语态:原来的句子是“主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语”,在变被动语态的时候只能将宾语变为被动语态的主语,宾语补足语变为被动语态的主语补足语。主动语态中宾语补足语是省掉to的不定式时,在被动语态中需要还原to。

They heard her sing an English song at the party. 他们在晚会上听到她唱了一首英语歌。变为被动语态是:She was heard to sing an English song at the party.2. But at that time, it wasn’t used widely.sth. be used…是被动语态句式,表现“某物被使用……”。

常用如下搭配:(1)be used for 意思是“被用来做某事”,for是介词,它的后面用名词或者动名词作宾语。例如: Knives are used for cutting things. 刀是用来割工具的。(2)be used as意思是“被作为……使用”,as是介词,意思是“作为”。

它强调被看成工具或者手段来使用。例如: Our classroom is used as a reading-room. 我们的课堂被用来当阅览室使用。(3)be used by意思是“被……使用”,by后面跟人或者物,表现强调行动的使用者。This radio is often used by my mother. 这台收音机经常被我的妈妈使用。

(4)be used to do something意思是“被用来做某事”,和be used for doing是同义词短语。It is used for learning English.=It is used to learn English. 它是被用来学习英语的。3. It is said that a Chinese ruler called Shen Nong was…It is said that…是一个牢固搭配的句型,it是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的that从句。它的思是“听说……”。

例如: It is said that Mary is very happy in London. (主语从句) = They say that Mary is very happy in London.(宾语从句) 听说玛丽在伦敦是很是幸福的。【拓展】另外类似的句型有:It is believed…(人们相信),It is reported that …(据报道),It is supposed that… (据推测)。

例如: It is believed that on December 21st,1981, the first basketball game in history was played. 人们相信历史上首次篮球角逐是在1891年12月21日举行的。It is supposed that there is no life on the moon. 据推测月球上是没有生命的。It is reported that another earth satellite has been put into orbit. 据报道又有一颗卫星上天了。

4. In England, tea didn’t appear until around 1660, but…until意为“直到……”,有下列用法:(1)作介词,后接时间名词,在句中作时间状语。作连词,后接从句,引导时间状语从句。例如: She stayed there until 9 o’clock. 她一直等到9点钟。

We waited until the rain stopped. 我们等到雨停了。(2) until用在肯定句中,多与连续性的动词连用。如:stand/wait/stay等,表现主句行动的终止时间。

(3) until可用于否认句中,即not…until…意为“直到……才”,常与非延续性动词连用。如:open/start/leave/arrive等,强调主句行动开始的时间。

例如: The child didn’t go to bed until his father came back. 直到父亲回来,谁人孩子才睡觉。5. Basketball has not only become a popular sport to play, but it has also become…(1)not only...but also的意思是“不光……而且……”,毗连两个并列身分,如果毗连两个主语的时候,谓语动词和also后面的主语保持一致。

Not only my mother but also I like to go to the garden. 不仅妈妈而且我也喜欢去花园。(2)以not only…but also 开头的句子往往引起倒装。Not only did he complain about the food, but he refused to pay for it. 他不仅诉苦饭欠好吃,而且拒绝付饭钱。

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